Disease Epidemic


Definition:

Disease: A potentially harmful or destructive condition of the body that presents a group of symptoms.

Disease Endemic: A disease that recurs in a community.

Disease Epidemic: A disease that attacks a large number of individuals in a community at the same time.

Disease Pandemic: A disease that is extremely widespread to involve an entire country, continent or the world.

Poland has been faced with epidemics, the most recent being a Salmonella poisoning that occurred in July 1976 at the Poland Spring Inn, and resulted in the hospitalization of 86 persons.

An endemic or epidemic can occur at any time during the year, but the warm summer months, when bacteria and microorganism growth are at their highest, present the greatest risk. An endemic or epidemic develops rapidly and may last from several days to several months.

Although epidemics occur infrequently, they have the potential to affect a large percentage of the town's population.

The consequential effects of disease are:

1. Illness and/or loss of life

2. Disruption or closing of schools

3. Forced shutdown of businesses and industries.

HISTORY

MEDIUM

=10 POINTS

VULNERABILITY

MEDIUM(People)

LOW (Property)

=25 POINTS

MAXIMUM THREAT

MEDIUM(People)

LOW (Property)

=50 POINTS

PROBABILITY

MEDIUM

=35 POINTS

TOTAL

=120 POINTS

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Copyright 2002, Wayne Cotterly